Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may be attributed to the man, the woman, or both partners. Infertility does not mean that a couple is sterile. Approximately half of all couples who seek help for infertility will eventually conceive a child.
Several factors can play a role in infertility, including: age, sperm production or motility, ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes or male factor infertility. Other lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol may also play a role.
Infertility can be a troubling problem for couples trying to start a family. Fortunately, there are several treatment options available. Fertility medications can help a woman's infertility problems, while assisted reproductive technology, or ART, can assist the physical fertilization and/or insemination process. The patient should discuss their medical history and all fertility issues with the physician in order to determine the best approach.